English 9

English 9


Important Websites:

To review "Elements of Sentence Construction" go to:


To review "Dependent Clauses: Adverbial, Adjectival, Nominal [Noun]" go to:


To review "Kinds of Sentences and their Punctuation" go to:

http://www.towson.edu/ows/sentences.htmImportant Websites:

For writing good sentences, go to the following website, and printout a copy of the 6 page "Writing Effective Sentences": http://www.cateringcomplete.com/laura/english/writing_effective_sentences.htm  


 CSU, Sacramento MLA Page Format Click the Left arrow to return to MLA menu, Home to return to the Main menu or the Right arrow to go to the Parenthetical Reference page


First page

Following pages

Works-Cited page


When revising your essay, make sure your paper follows MLA style format. This page contains some general guidelines for the physical arrangement of your pages.

For answers to specific questions, either follow the links on the preceding page, refer to the MLA Handbook, 4th ed., or check with your instructor.

MLA Format



The opening page to your essay should use the format shown below:



MLA Format top

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Only the first page should include the whole heading and title. All margins--top, bottom, and sides--should be set to one inch (1") throughout the whole paper. Don't add extra spaces between the heading and the title, nor should there be extra spaces between the title and the body of the paragraph.

Use a reasonably-sized font: either 10 characters per inch or a 12 point font. And choose a font that is easy to read rather one that is decorative: "Arial," "Lucida," "Modern," "Palermo" or "Times New Roman" are some good choices. Scripted fonts are hard to read even if they do make your paper "look nice"; it is the content of the paper that is most important, and making it easy for your readers to understand that content is always a good choice.

MLA Format



Pages that follow the opening page to your essay should use the format shown below:



MLA Format top

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Instead of the full heading, pages that follow the opening page should use a header in the upper right corner: your last name and the page number.

Do not add extra spaces between paragraphs--that is a business format. Instead, make sure to continue indenting paragraphs one-half inch (the usual tab default setting).

Make sure that you properly document your source with parenthetical references so there can be no questions about plagiarism. Guidelines for parenthetical referencing can be found on at this linked page.

MLA Format



Finally, if you have referenced outside sources, you must include a works-cited page to show your readers where you found your information; use the format shown below:


MLA Format top

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The works-cited page at the end of your essay gives your readers the list of sources you actually referenced within your paper, allowing your readers to easily find those sources themselves. The works-cited page is NOT a bibliography, listing all of the texts you may have researched in preparing the paper.

Note that this page should have a header as well. And again, the page should be double spaced, including the citations.

The citation entries should be listed in alphabetical order by the authors' last names. If there are multiple authors, the proper format is as follows:

Enos, Richard Leo, and John M. Ackerman.
If there are two or three authors, give their names in the same order as on the title page; it is only necessary to reverse the names of the first author, but make sure a comma separates each author and place a period after the last author's name.

Or, if there are more than three authors:

Belenky, Mary Field, et al.
If there are more than three authors, you have a choice of format. You can choose to follow the format for multiple authors given above (which could result in a great deal of typing), or you can add "et al," meaning "and others" after the initial author's name. Just make sure to include the comma between the author's name and "et al" and to place a period after.

Clarity should always be your guide; help your readers whenever possible.








       You are going to read the novel A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens for Tuesday December 1, 2015. On this same day there will be a full period 50 question  short answer test on the entire novel. The exam will focus characters and plot details. You will also be required to see the play A Christmas Carol at Prep On December 4 (8:00 P.M.) or December 5 (7:00 P.M.), and you will be assigned a multi-paragraph essay to write on the play in order to earn yourselves a good full grade of 100%.

       While you are reading the novel, underline or highlight (your choice, but do either neatly!) important plot events in each of the 5 staves. You will also underline/highlight the name of each character, major or minor, as you meet them, and also underline enough to remember who they are, and what happens rto them throughout the novel. You might also want to write marginal notes to guides you through your underlinings. This procedure will kep you focused on your reading.

       In order to prepare and organize you for the exam, answer the list of questions below, typewritten and In MLA format, as far as heading, margins, and spacing. They must also be done by December 1. The way the sections are labeled and the questions are numbered is the format you will follow for answering them. You must answer all questions in complete sentences, and do not write the questions.


The Questions:


    Stave 1:

1.         What is the simile in the second paragraph?

2.         Describe the relationship between Scrooge and Marley.

3.         Contrast Scrooge with his nephew, Fred.

4.         What do the “portly grntlemen” want?

5.         Decribe Scrooge’s attitude toward the poor and unfortunate. Within your answer provide a quote  of Scrooge’s from the scene that sums up his attitude.

6.         How does Scrooge treat his clerk, Bob Cratchit? Also explain how Scrooge responds to Bob’s request for Christmas day off.

7.         What strange incident happens to Scrooge as he reaches his house? What does this incident indicate?

8.         Describe Marley’s ghost – what he looks like and how he acts.

9.         What does Marley tell Scrooge he’s been doing in the seven years since his death?

10.     What warning does Marley give to Scrooge?


Stave 2:

1.         Describe the appearance of the Ghost of Christmas Past. Copy it word-by-word from the book.

2.         What does this Spirit symbolize?

3.         What part of his past does the spirit show Scrooge first?

4.         What do you learn about Scrooge when his sister, Fan, visits him at school?

5.         Describe what type of people the Fezziwigs are.

6.         Why does Belle end her relationship with Scrooge?  What does she say to him? Quote directly from the book.

7.         What does Scrooge regret as he watches each scene form the past unfold?

8.         What does the light that Scrooge tries to extinguish at the end of Stave 1 symbolize?  Why does he try to “extinguish” it?

9.         How does Scrooge change as a result of the visit by the Ghost of Christmas Past?

10.     Make a list, numbered and in order, of all the different visions that are shown to Scrooge in Stave 2.

    Stave 3:

1.         When The Ghost of Christmas Present invites Scrooge into the room, what does Scrooge find there?

2.         Describe the second spirit physically. Copy directly from the book.

3.         Describe the personality of the second spirit.

4.         What does the spirit mean when it says that it has more than eighteen hundred brothers?

5.         Where does the Ghost of Christmas Present take Scrooge on the first part of their journey?  What do they see?

6.         What does the Cratchits’ Christmas celebration show Scrooge?

7.         What does the spirit predict will happen to Tiny Tim? How does Scrooge respond?

8.         Why doe Fred continue to see his Uncle Scrooge?

9.         How does the spirit change as the night progresses? Why does the spirit change?

10.     Describe the children that emerge from the second spirit’s robes?

11.     What do they symbolize? How are they “man’s children”?

12.     How does Scrooge chance as a result of his visit with the Ghost of Christmas Present?

13.     Make a list, numbered and in order, of all the visions Scrooge sees in Stave 3.


    Stave 4:

1.         Describe the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. Copy directly from your book.

2.         What does the spirit show Scrooge first? What are the men talking about?

3.         Who are the people at Old Joe’s Scavenger Shop, and what are they doing?

4.         Does anyone care about the dead man in the bedroom?  Why?

5.         What does the spirit show Scrooge in response to his request to know what will become of him in the days to come?

6.         What is the lesson that Scrooge has learned in this stave that he had not learned before?

7.         What does Scrooge promise the spirit?

8.         Make a list, numbered and in order, of all the visions Scrooge sees in Stave 4.


   Stave 5:

1.         How does Scrooge feel when he realizes the visits are over?

2.         What actions does Scrooge take to make amends for the past?

3.         How does Scrooge reconcile with Fred, his nephew?

4.         Describe Scrooge’s interaction with Bob Cratchit at the office and how Bob reacts.

5.         What lesson has Scrooge learned?

   6.         What type of person is Scrooge at the end of the story?          XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX    





-A review is a discussion and evaluation of a performance. IT IS NOT mean, cruel, a list of unsupported or baseless two-bit opinions, an inventory of positive generalizations, or simply a list of gripes.




Paragraph One  --  The Basics:


-Where did you see the show? (name of school)

-When did you see the show? (date)

-What is the title of the show?

-Who wrote it?

-What is the main message/theme of the show?

Paragraph Two – The Acting: React to the performers playing the characters in the play. An additional paragraph can be added if it runs too long.


-Evaluate the performance of the actor portraying Ebenezer Scrooge. Address each of the following points, and use examples from the play for support. Give the name of the actor portraying Scrooge.


-Was he believable? Did he seem realistic? Did his relationship with the other characters seem natural and appropriate?  Did he stay in character throughout the play?

-How was his vocal quality (volume and articulation)?

-Did his gestures and body movements stay true to the    character?

-Was he engaging and interesting to watch? Why? How?


Paragraph 3: The Acting Part 2:


-Pick one other character who impressed you, give the name of the character and the actor, and repeat the entire process followed in paragraph 2. If your paragraph seems to run too long, you may divide it into two separate paragraphs, so you’re either going to have two or four paragraphs to the body of your essay.


      Paragraph 4:  The Design Elements:


-Sets and Props: Did they establish the correct mood for    the play?  Did they help add to the development of the characters and plot? Were they well made?

-Lights: Did they convey the proper mood, show emphasis,

draw focus to the right spots, and provide appropriate illumination?

-Costumes and Make-up: Were they true to the time period of the show and to the characters?

-Sound: How did the sound effects, special effects and music contribute to the show’s mood?

-For all of the above, use examples from the production for support.




     Paragraph 5: The Reaction/The Conclusion:


          -Was the audience attentive? Interested?

          -What was your opinion of the performance as a whole?


     Other important points to remember:

-Back up all your opinions with valid reasons/examples.

-Be objective, fair, and sincere.

-Be constructive – Indicate good points along with those you feel needed improvement.

-Enjoy the play!  Don’t go to a show predisposed to be negative.  Celebrate live theater!



Christ is born

Holy time


Imagine the glory

Sing His praises

Trumpets sound

Merry Christmas!

Angels fill the sky

Savior is born





             The purpose of this writing is to create a Christmas Acrostic Poem to celebrate the season. The poem must be typed.  Spell out the word “Christmas” in capital letters vertically down the page.  Each letter will begin a word, phrase, or short sentence which pertains to the holiday.  The completed poem is an expression or celebration of Christmas.

            The poem above adopts a religious theme and develops and stays with the theme throughout.  The tone of the poem is to be selected by the writer; religious, traditional, serious, humorous, etc. Whatever the tone and theme, maintain it throughout the poem, and don’t go off in any other direction.  This gives the poem unity.

            Enlarge the first letter of each line as seen in the example to make them more visible.  They could be done in Christmas colors and even ornamented to give a more festive look.  This is strongly encouraged.  Be as imaginative and creative as possible with the assignment.

            On the visual side, the poem must be presented as a Christmas ornament, a shining, glowing, brilliant, happy ornament.  There will be no plain, rectangular or square shaped poems; ornaments must be cut into a shape. Some suggestions for ornaments: wreath, sled, angel, Christmas tree, elf, Christmas bulb (light), traditional round ball, present, nativity, candy cane, snowman, gingerbread house, gingerbread person, Santa Claus, reindeer, star, candle, etc. If you have a different idea for a shape, please ask before doing it. Find a way to make the poem become part of the ornament. The ornaments should not be oversized, only large enough to accommodate the poem.  Do something to decorate them a bit to be very festive, but stay away from glitter although glitter glue pens are acceptable as long as it dries completely before you hand it in.  Thank you. Do not use anything living, such as branches, pine cones, fir needles, etc..The more work that goes into the poem, the better the grade.

            At the bottom of the poem, name, period, and date due are to be typed. Back with construction paper (Christmas colors) to match the shape. 


        READING ASSIGNMENT FOR ROMEO AND JULIET   ACT 1  SCENES 1-5    Due: Monday, October 26, 2015

There will be a test on Act 1 on October 26.

In your online text book, Act 1 is from pages 509-535.  You can also play the audio to listen to the play while you read it; this will help to keep you focused.  You can also read the lines aloud as you read the play to help keep you focused.

Answer the following questions while reading the Act.  Your answers must be typewritten and double spaced All your answers are to be written in complete, properly punctuated sentences.

Act 1 Scene 1:

1. What do the servants do to cause a fight at the beginning of Scene 1?

2. What words best describe Benvolio when you meet him at the beginning of the scene?

3. What words best describe Tybalt when you met him at the beginning of the scene?

4. What words best describe Prince Escalus when your first meet him in the scene? What threat does he make against both families?  What motivates him to make this threat?

5. What do Lord and Lady Montague tell Benvolio is bothering them about Romeo's conduct?

6. What does Benvolio discover is bothering Romeo?

7. Why is Rosaline absolutely not interested in Romeo?

What advice does Benvolio offer to Romeo?

Act 1 Scene 2:

1. What has Paris come to ask Lord Capulet?

2. Why does Lord Capulet feel that Juliet should wait two more years to marry even though hev isv agreeable to a marriage between Paris and Juliet.?

3. Why does thev servant ask Romeo and Benvolio to read the list of party invitations to him?

4. Why do you think that of all the people in the street Rome and Benvolio are chosen to read the list?

Act 1 Scene 3:

1. As you meet them in this scene, write two separate paragraphs  to describe the personalities of  Lady Capulet and the Nurse as seen  in Scene 3. (A paragraph could be five sentences)

2.  Write a paragraph to describe the personality of Juliet as seen in Scene 3.

3. Write a paragraph to describe the relationship of Juliet and Lady Capulet as mother and daughter as scene in this scene.

4. When Juliet looks at Paris at the party that evening, her mother ask her to look at him as if he were what?  This is a metaphor; explain the metaphor.

Act 1 Scene 4:

1. Write a paragraph that describes the personality of Mercutio as you meet him in this scene.

2. Who is Queen Mab?  Explain what you think is the purpose of Mercutio's long monologue about her.

3. Explain how Romeo's last speech in Act 1 is an example of foreshadowing?

Act 1 Scene 5:

1.Explain what Romeo means about Juliet when he says: (Also, what figures of speech is here?)

     "Oh, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!"

2. Explain what Romeo means about Juliet when he says:(Also, what figures of speech are contained in these lines?)

     "It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night

       Like a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear--

       Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear."

3. "Explain the figures of speech in the following lines:

     So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows

     As yonder lady o'er her fellows shows."

4. Explain what all three images above share in common about Juliet.

5. Why does Tybalt get angry in this scene? Explain how Lord Capulet reacts to Tybalt's anger.

6. When Romeo and Juliet first meet in lines 90-114, explain what type of mood is created and howv the lines create it.

7. Explain the significance of the following lines Romeo speaks about Juliet:

     "Is she a Capulet?

       My life is in my foe's debt?"

8. Explain the significance of the following lines Juliet speaks about Romeo:

     "Go ask his name.  If he be married,

       My grave is like to be my wedding bed."

9. Explain the significance of the following line spoken about Juliet:

     "My only love sprung from my only hate1

       Too early seen unknown, and known too, late!

       Prodigious birth of love it is to me,

       That I must love a loathed enemy." 


To download the No Fear Shakespeare pdf, go to google and type in “romeo and juliet split screen translation pdf” and click.  Then, click on the second site down, “Romeo and Juliet – Full Text – Plain English and Original.pdf…” When the site comes up, bookmark it because it is too large for Notability to accommodate. If you can store it somewhere else, do so. When we have finished the play, you can delete it or keep it as you wish.